Hello... Any Good Part Shipping Ideas?

Ever have one of those situations where there really aren't any good answers? There may be right answers, but not necessarily any that fit real well to the specific situation or are all that convenient. The question at hand relates to packaging and shipping small quantities of big ICs to your prototype house.

If you buy them in small quantities, go ahead and use that packaging to ship to Screaming Circuits. That's not a problem. The problem (and this question) comes in when you need to purchase a bunch of them but only need to use a few at a time. This is primarily an issue for parts that come in trays.

Let's say you have a 23 x 23mm BGA or QFP that came in a tray with 60 parts. You need to ship five of the parts for an assembly order at Screaming Circuits. We tell you not to ship them loose. You don't want to risk in-transit loss or damage to all 60 parts by shipping the full tray. What do you do?

For leadless parts like BGAs, LGAs and QFNs, you can VERY carefully pack each one in a small individual anti-static bag and then wrap them in bubble wrap. Make sure you don't damage any of the solder balls. You can't do that with leaded parts like QFPs. Don't do it. Bent leads don't solder well. And, don't put more than one BGA in an antic-static bag. Missing solder balls won't solder either.

For all types of chips, you can find someone that sells JEDEC Matrix IC Trays and see if they have any that meet your size and capacity requirements. www.Topline.tv or www.practicalcomponents.com are good places to start. That won't help much if it's Tuesday, noon and you need to make a shipping deadline of 3:00pm. But it will likely help for future projects. The other problem with this approach is that without the proper tools, it may be very difficult to get the parts out of one tray and into the other without bending a few pins.

The best option may very well be to just send in the full tray and have us send them back after we've assembled for that job. If you do choose to send in your full tray, we will treat all of the parts with care, bake if needed, properly reseal and pack them for the return trip to you.

Duane Benson
Three

Electronics Shelf Life

Do parts and PCBs have a shelf life? Well, yes and no. I have some 7400 series logic chips in DIP form 7400 TH that I bought back in 1980. Every now and then, I pull one out and put it into a proto board to test some circuit idea I've got. They still work thirty years later. I haven't taken any special care in storage either. Some are stuck into anti-static foam. Some are not. All are sitting in a mini-parts bin without any moisture protection. I guess they do get a little shielding from light, but basically, they're just hanging out. They've been, at various times, in the attic, in the basement, in the garage or in the house.

That may seem like good evidence refuting a shelf like for parts. And today's parts are even more robustly Bent pins in strip designed to start with. Still though, if I use any of those parts, it's generally in a proto board or a socket. Sometimes I have to straighten the leads a bit. A lot of things don't matter so much at low temperatures, low speeds, low volumes and large geometries.

It's different when you have fine pitch parts being picked up and placed by a robot and then run through a 10 stage reflow oven. Oxidation that doesn't matter for a socketed prototype can interfere with the solder adhesion. Bent pins or missing BGA balls can prevent the part from fitting. Moisture absorbed over time can make the chip act like a pop corn kernel when in the reflow oven.

That's not to say that you can't use old parts for a prototype these days. Just give them a good inspection before sending them off for assembly. And, if they're moisture sensitive parts or have been stored in high-humidity areas, consider having your assembly house bake them before assembly. The same goes for raw PCBs too. Overly moist PCBs can delaminate during reflow. Some PCB finishes such as immersion sliver and OSP can tarnish or degrade over time too.

Duane Benson
Archaeologists, we are not

Spam, Spam, Eggs and Spam

I normally expend most of my writing words on challenges our customers and other engineers might face in their day to day design and layout activities. But not today. Today, it's about a specific challenge faced by your typical blogger. Off and on for the last couple of weeks, I've come into work in the morning, opened up the blog and found three spammy comments. Here's today's three"

"Compare to the majority of the other blogs, your site tend to be so fantastic. Therefore nice to examining the post. If I've a probability, I would like to research along with you because I think that my potential haven't yet achieved the excellent amount."

"You may remember the three proverbs: Laugh, and the world laughs with you; Weep, and you weep lone. Life is measured by thought and action not by time. Long absent, soon forgotten."

"You may remenber [sic] the three proverbs: Laugh, and the world laughs with you; Weep, and you weep lone. Life is measured by thought and action not by time. Long absent, soon forgotten."

Now, it is a bit flattering to hear that my site tend to be so fantastic. Not just "fantastic", but "so fantastic"! But perhaps the subject matter could be a bit more on topic. The author noted that if he have probability, he would like to research along with me. I could always use some extra help, but I don't have any probability to pass on. Perhaps a call to Zaphod would be in order.

I'm not sure I agree completely with the second supposition. I'd bet that a lot of unemployed or underemployed folks are weeping right now. Probably enough that they could be considered to have a world weeping with them. I know I would. I'm also not sure what the deal is with the third one. That author just copied from the one above it. How rude.

All is not always as it seems though. After reading these this morning, I did as I always do and fed the three comments into my netlist confabulator. It turns out that the text in these three comments is actually a turbo-encoded form of the design of the Constellation spacecraft. If I had checked the IP address prior to marking the comments as spam, I wonder if I would have found that this is a desperate rocket scientist tying to smuggle his decade of work home before the lights go out and the servers get recycled.

Duane Benson
Have you got anything without spam?

Dripping Wet Is Too Much

Well, that's obvious. But what's not so obvious is that some components may look perfectly fine but act like Orville Redenbacher when in the reflow oven. Well, they won't actually act like Orlville, but rather, like his pop corn. Sort of. With popcorn, you can tell when it's popped. With a popped chip, you can't always tell right away.

Moisture sensitivity is a bigger issue with RoHS-compliant components, but can be an issue in leaded components as well. Even though the parts look like water-tight plastic, they really aren't. They do absorb 
moisture and after improper storage, moisture-sensitive chips may popcorn or crack subtly underneath. This MSD logo 75 can create hard to find or intermittent defects. It is often more of an issue with prototypes because components are quite frequently consigned in partial lots. This may result in impaired moisture sensitive packaging or storage beyond recommended shelf life.

So, the message here is that if your parts are labeled as moisture sensitive, don't open the moisture barrier packaging before sending them to Screaming Circuits. Or, if you have to open the package, please let us know. We'll bake them at the proper temperature

Duane Benson
Easy-Bake Oven: $25.99 from Hasbro
No. You can't use an Easy-Bake oven for your parts

To Lead or not to Lead. That is the question

Back at the Embedded Systems Conference in September, I had a number of folks ask me about mixing leaded and lead-free components on a PCB. It's a difficult situation for some people - especially when using old and very new BGA form-factor components.

We generally tell people to follow the BGA. Since the BGA has those little solder balls on it, it's the most sensitive to temperature as far as soldering is concerned. Reflow a leaded BGA at no-lead temperatures and the flux may all burn off and the solder may sag down too far and bridge or dry and crack. Do the reverse and reflow a no-lead BGA at leaded temps and you won't get a good intermetalic mix and the solder joint will be prone to cracking and other bad stuff.

In most cases no-lead components, other than BGAs can be used on a leaded board. Going the other way isn't always so easy though because of the additional 20 degrees C in the no-lead process. Everything's more sensitive to moisture absorption so baking parts or keeping them sealed in moisture-free packaging is more important. Some components may melt, especially chip LEDs. And metal can capacitors can pop.

In a prototype world, where you just need to see if something works, you can sometimes get away with a lot more than you can in production, but it's still not an easy question to answer. Unfortunately if you're in the situation of one of the guys that asked about it and have one leaded BGA and one no-lead BGA, you may have to get one of the BGAs re-balled or you may just need to redesign on of them out. No easy answer there.

Duane Benson
My 24 hours is almost come
When I to sulphrous and tormenting flames
Must reflow up myself

Updated Centroid Documentation

Passives orientation r2 A little housecleaning is usually a good thing. Here at Screaming Circuits, we try to be as flexible as possible and we'll do a lot of different things - standard and non-standard. But we really should, when passing on documentation, give out the standard form of data. And that's what housecleaning has done for us today.

I got a comment on an old blog post calling out an error relating to our centroid (AKA XY rotation / pick & place file), so I went back and cleaned up the blog post and linked to a PDF we have describing our centroid file requirements. It matches IPC-7351A now. And that kind of match is a good thing.

Duane Benson
Matchmaker, Matchmaker,
Plan me no plans
I'm in no rush
- actually, we're always in a rush.

IPC-A-610 Class III Assembly

The Screaming Circuits website will now offers instant online quoting and ordering of prototype and short-run production PCB assembly built and inspected to IPC-A-610 Class III standards. By default, Screaming Circuits assembles and inspects to IPC-A-610 Class II, but with the new capability, the higher reliability standard can be quoted and ordered just as easily.

Just what is IPC Class III and why should you care? IPC-A-610 covers workmanship for electronic assemblies - the boards you design and get built up. The higher the number, the more stringent the build and inspection requirements are. Class II is the general commercial standard: items produced and inspected to IPC-A-610 Class II are deemed quality for typical commercial applications. Class III are deemed to be appropriate for hi-reliability and mission critical applications.

For most prototype and small volume applications, IPC Class II workmanship and inspection will be just fine. However, for some with tighter reliability requirements, e.g. aerospace, military, medical, harsh environments, class III workmanship and inspection may be required. Class III service is available as an option on the Screaming Circuits "Full Proto" and "Short-Run" assembly services.

Duane Benson

Screaming Circuits New Service

Screaming Circuits has added new capabilities to its website. You can now order not only speedy PCB assembly, but also order raw PCBs (made by Sunstone Circuits) at the same time.

With fab screen cap

On Tuesday January 26, 2010 (that's today, if you are reading this today), starting @ 3:30pm Pacific Standard Time, Screaming Circuits added PC board quoting and ordering to the assembly quote and order process.

Now, you can quote your assembly cost, quote the cost of boards from Sunstone.com and order both at the same time!

Simply start your assembly quote and check the "ADD PCB FABRICATION" box under the quote questions. Our website will walk you through the process of quoting and ordering your PCBs. Sunstone will deliver them to us. We'll build everything up and ship you fully assembled boards ready for test, sale, or whatever you need to do with them.

If you have any questions please just call 1-866-784-5887 or email us: sales@screamingcircuits.com.

Duane Benson
Mmmm. Crunchy.

A Few Hints of The Centroid File

NOTE: I've recently (8/18/2010) updated this post and the downloadable PDF to match the IPC 7351. We will properly assemble both ways, but this now matched industry standard.

Every now and then, we get questions on the centroid file (AKA Pick and place file or SMT locations file). Most CAD applications will create one for you. If you use Eagle, download our ULP and run it to create a centroid from your board.

If you want to poke around and need some hints on what's what you can download our Understanding the Centroid file r2. Here are a couple of illustrations from the guide. Fist, the point of origin needs to be centered in the part.

Chip originCopy of inline SMT connectorIt should be centered in a box that contains the outline of the pins as well as the body of the part. The chips on the left are easy. The connector, to the right, is a little more ambiguous, but as you can see, it's centered around the imaginary box containing the area.

Top-side rotation goes counter clockwise as shown on the left image and rotation on the bottom side is simply aChip rotation Chip rotation Bottommirror image left to right, with clockwise rotation.

Diodes and other passives should have their zero rotation horizontal, with pin one (if there is one) on the left. Passives orientation r2

That would place the cathode left for diodes and the positive side left for electrolytics and other polarized two lead parts.

Duane Benson
If you get dizzy spinning counter clockwise, go to Australia

A New Place To Find Screaming Circuits PCB Assembly

Screaming Circuits and Sunstone Circuits have partnered for board fab and assembly for many years and now, we've made things easier for our common customers. You can order Screaming Circuits Assembly at Sunstone while your order your board fab.

Just order your boards from Sunstone like you always have, but on the Sunstone.com quote page (for PCBexpress or Full Featured PCBs), check the box labeled: "NEW! Quote & Order Assembly" as shown in the screen capture below.

NEW quote

Check the box pointed at by the big red arrow I added in to the screen capture above. Then, you'll get a Assembly options_cbox to pop up with two choices: "Drop Ship Assembly" and "Bundle Assembly". If you select to drop ship with the button "Select Assembly", after your boards are fabbed, they will be sent directly to Screaming Circuits. With this option, you'll have to go ahead and come to our website and place your order separately before the boards get here. We've had that option for quite a while.

If you choose the new option, to bundle, by clicking "Quote Assembly" you will see a quote form and you'll be able to quote and order your assembly rightAssembly quote_c then and there. The order will be placed with us, the boards will be shipped to us and you'll get fully assembled boards from us. You will still have to send us the parts and make sure we have all the files we need though. We'll get your order ready in our system and give you a call to make sure that we have everything that you need.

You can, of course, still order your boards and your assembly separately. That's not a problem at all, but if you are getting your PCBs fabbed by Sunstone Circuits, we hope this added feature will make your job just a little bit easier.