V-Score panelization

V-score top viewMy last post talked a bit about panelization, in general. Today, I'm taking a look at V-Score panelization. V-score is created by running a V-shaped blade across the top and bottom of the panel without cutting all the way through. The board in the mini-image of my prior post is V-scored. Top left, on this page, is a close up of the V-scoring. [Note that the cross-hatched area is not in the active circuit portion of the panel. It's in the rails. You'd never want to cut through copper like that in part of the board that will be used. Even here, it would be best not to have copper in the path of the v-scoring blade.]

You'll note that it's all straight lines. V-score can only separate rectangular panelized boards. For curves, you'll need to use a different technique.

V-score edge onThe next image down, on the left, shows an edge-on view of the V-score. You can clearly see what I mean by "without cutting all the way through." The cut leaves enough material to hold the boards solidly together during processing, but easy to separate.

V-score de paneled edgeBy the way, we generally don't just snap them apart. We've got a special tool - a bit like a pizza cutter in a fixture - specifically designed to separate them without stressing or bending the board. If we feel there's any risk of over-stressing, we'll use the tool.

The next image, here on the right, shows a board edge after de-panelization. Note that it's not a smooth, flat edge.

In contrast, the next image down, on the right, shows a flat milled edge. Generally, though, you can't visually tell the difference without close examination. You can, however, feel it if you run your finger lightly along the edge. Just be careful to not get slivers.

Next time, I'll examine tab-routing, which will allow for non-rectangular shapes.

Milled edgeDuane Benson
"I saw two Buffalos, two Buffalos,
Buffaloes on my lawn,
Romping all around and stomping on the ground
And all of my grass was gone."

PCB Panel Routing Technique

Most PCBs we receive are individually routed, i.e., not panelized. That doesn't mean that, sometimes, sending them in a panel isn't a good idea, or required. Generally, we don't require panels (sometimes called a pallet), but there are some cases when we do.

V-score panelIf the individual PC board, destined for Full Proto service, is smaller than 0.75" x 0.75", it needs to be panelized. If a PC board needing Short Run production service is less than 16 square inches, it needs to be in a panel of at least 16 square inches to qualify for Short Run.

So... you ask... why else might I want to panelize my PC boards? Keep reading and I'll tell you why.

  • First, if you've got a lot of small boards, it's easier to handle and protect then when they're in a panel. A few panels can be more safely packed coming and going from our shop here.
  • You may be able to get the through our factory faster. If you have a really large number, and need them super fast, panelizing them may enable that fast turn. With a lot of boards, sometimes, it simply isn't physically possible to put them all on the machine, run them and take them off, in a short turn time. Panelize them and the machine will be running longer for each board change, which reduces the total run time.
  • It may also cost you less. If you use leadless parts like BGAs, QFNs or LGAs, you can usually reduce your cost a bit by panelizing the boards. Leadless parts cost a little extra because of the X-Ray test needed, but the extra handling is mostly per board, rather than per part. One panel of ten boards with ten BGA, in total, will cost a little less than ten individual boards with one BGA each.

Stay tuned for my next few posts where I'll cover the pluses and minuses of different panelization techniques.

Duane Benson
"I looked outside my window and what do you think I saw?
The strangest sight I've ever seen you'll never guess just what I mean,
I can't believe it myself"

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